Doctor of Leadership in Global Perspectives: Crafting Ministry in an Interconnected World

Is Connected also Relational?

Written by: on November 7, 2018

In reading Anthony Elliott’s Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction, one gains perspective on the landscape of contemporary social theories and global ideas. Anthony covers issues on the local, national, and global levels and points out their influence in many aspects of life. From the outset, Elliot states the book will cover the five themes, in this blog post I want to draw attention to, in short order, Elliot’s first theme, the relationship between individual and society.[1]

In the Christian faith, the revealing of God as the triune God of Father, Son and Spirit speaks to a multiplicity of theology subjects, but at the core, it speaks to the relational nature of God. In speaking of the triune relationship, Kathryn Tanner writes, “The triune God is a God who perfectly communicates the goodness of Godself among the three Persons of the Trinity in perfect self-unity.[2] In the scientific realm of quantum mechanics, entanglement speaks to the relational nature of all things at the particle level.[3] In Elliot’s work, he also brings to light the importance of relationship in all of the social theories that are covered, but I want to particular lean into the social theory of Manuel Castells: The Network Society. A Network Society is essentially people having the ability not only to be connected via technology but dependent on it. By charting the rise of global information networks and the network economy [4 image source] [5], Castell declares, “advances in information technology, and especially the rise of the internet, are fundamentally transforming the core structure of networks in our time.[6] While all may not agree on Castell’s social theory, there is no denying the influence of technology on people and the church, which is where I turn to next.



One of the most natural places to see the effect of technology on the church is the multi-site church model. In the year 1990 according to the best figures, there were only ten multi-site churches. By the year 2012, there were five-thousand multi-site churches.[7] Video technological advancements have made it possible for one pastor to be in multiple locations at the same time. We even experienced the phenomena during the Hong Kong advance as we visited Saddleback Hong Kong. While one can see this through the lens of McDonaldization or Globalization[8] and possibly limiting the individual expression in a different society. One can also see the benefits as Pastor Lee expressed in his own words, he (Pastor Warren) is the Sunday pastor, and I am the Monday pastor, meaning having a multiplicity of leaders offering different gifts to one body. This understanding allows for the network society (in this case the church) to be connected through technology literally on a global scale while also having a local impact.

In closing, another example of the benefit of technology hits closer to home as we have recently started experimenting with online classes for our church. A few years ago, we did some internal research, and the findings told us that the average drive time of our congregation was around 45 minutes. In comparison studies have shown twenty-one percent say their drive is 5 minutes or less, forty-seven percent say it takes them 6 to 15 minutes and twenty-three percent commute 16 to 30 minutes. That means 91% of churchgoers are under a 30-minute drive and only nine percent say it takes them longer than 30 minutes to drive to church.[9] As you can see, our church on average falls into the nine percent and makes it that much harder to get people to come back to church on another “off” night. Therefore, we are trying to leverage the power of technology where they do not have to drive and be in the building to take a class. One benefit that we have seen so far is the increase in people wanting to take part (as in signups have increased). While we are still early in the testing phase one negative that I have noticed is the issue of connected versus relational. The triune God reveals Godself as a relational being, and I have come to understand that human beings at the core are also relational beings. In his book, A Failure of Nerve Friedman defines leadership as, “essentially an emotional process rather than a cognitive phenomenon”[10]. In this case, the cognitive phenomenon equals, we are all in one place via technology (connected) but interaction is limited and measuring emotions is limited at best and non-existent at worst (no relational aspect). Again, we are early in the process, and maybe this tension of connected but not relational can be worked out through different teaching styles, but I am leaning more to an online and in-person type class, with the in-person meeting having longer gaps in between to account for the travel.



[1] Anthony Elliott, Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction, (Routledge: New York, NY, 2014) 11.

[2]” Kathryn Tanner, Jesus, Humanity and the Trinity: A Brief Systematic Theology, (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2003), 35.

[3] “Quantum Entanglement.” Wikipedia. November 06, 2018. Accessed November 07, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_entanglement.

[4] Image source: Mader, I. (2015) A Moment of Truth. Global Peter Drucker Forum. https://www.druckerforum.org/blog/a-moment-of-truth-by-isabella-mader/

[5] Elliott, Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction, 300-309.

[6] Ibid.

[7] “Multi-site Church.” Wikipedia. June 07, 2018. Accessed November 07, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multi-site_church.

[8]  George Ritz defines McDonaldization as “the process by which the principles of fast food restaurants are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society and the rest of the world”, See page 39 for more: Anthony Elliott, Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction, (Routledge: New York, NY, 2014) 39.

[9] “How Far Do Americans Drive to Church?” Facts & Trends. September 21, 2017. Accessed November 07, 2018. https://factsandtrends.net/2017/09/21/far-americans-drive-church/.

[10] Edwin H. Friedman, Margaret M. Treadwell, and Edward W. Beal, A Failure of Nerve: Leadership in the Age of the Quick Fix, (New York: Seabury Books, 2007), 13.


About the Author

Mario Hood

Most importantly, I am married to the love of my life, Misty Hood, and I'm kept on my toes all day every day, by my son Dalen and daughter Cola Hood. I also serve as the Next Generation Pastor at Church On The Living Edge in Orlando, Florida, under the leadership of Senior Pastor, Dr. Mark Chironna as well as being a Youth and Family Life coach.

4 responses to “Is Connected also Relational?”

  1. Rhonda Davis says:

    This is a really interesting post, Mario. I find myself asking this connection v. relationship question in my own multi-site context. It seems that people do feel connected to the whole, but they are lacking vibrant personal relationships. I guess they fill part of our “church society,” but lack a sense of individual contribution.

    One small group I know of is spread out in our metroplex, so they meet online during one lunch hour each week. However, they come together one morning each month for breakfast before one of our Sunday services. It is working for them!

    • Mario Hood says:

      That’s a great example thanks for sharing. I was going to write something totally different and then I came to that chapter and my mind started racing to this subject matter. I’m not a part of a multi-site church but have a lot of friends that are and it’s something they talk about often, normally because they are so big. I know that not everyone has meaningful relationships (even in small churches) but with the world we live in today, it seems we are easily connected (think online) but not many relationships (especially the younger folks). I’m digging into this more and more as I feel my topic shifting to how to engage the millennial and post-millennial generation and the stats are staggering.

  2. Harry Fritzenschaft says:

    Very innovative approach to “connecting” with the source. Your concern and consideration of connection versus relationship are prudent. I will be interested in seeing how this plays out in your place of ministry. How will this play out in your research? H

    • Mario Hood says:

      Thanks, Harry (German Harry). In my research topic, I’m looking into relational leadership, in particular how leaders relate to the Spirit and others. In my life, it has been the relationships (ongoing and mutually benefits) versus connections (what can you do for me in ministry) that has developed me as a leader.

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