Evangelicalism has been a major force in modern British history, the following resources provide an in-depth look at this important movement. David Bebbington’s Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s and Jason Clark’s Evangelicalism and Capitalism explore how evangelical Christianity shaped British society during this period. In his book, Bebbington examines how evangelical beliefs influenced both religious practice and public life throughout Britain over a span of 250 years. He looks at key figures such as John Wesley, William Wilberforce, JN Darby, and Charles Spurgeon who were instrumental in spreading Protestant doctrines across England while also advancing social reform movements such as temperance or slavery abolition campaigns.
Additionally, he discusses topics like the revivalist preaching style which was popular among evangelicals during that era. Some of the topics include:
- their emphasis on personal faith rather than ecclesiastical authority
- their use of print media for disseminating ideas
- links between evangelicals with political parties
- the emergence of missionary societies
Clark’s work focuses more specifically on the economic aspects associated with evangelical Christianity. He concludes by looking into relationships between capitalism and religion from the 18th century to today’s neoliberal world order where free market ideology is the dominant form of global governance. He argues that many elements within the capitalist system are compatible with some core values espoused by Protestant fundamentalists like individual liberty, hard work, self-discipline, etc. Moreover, he claims that although they endorse not all forms of capitalism historically there have been close ties between certain sections within the business community & church leadership due to a shared moral outlook about human nature and the proper role of government intervention.
Overall these two works offer valuable insights into the historical relationship between religious belief systems & socioeconomic forces operating behind them – providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the evolution process which brought us current state affairs.
“Evangelical Anxiety: From Assurance to Providence”
In Chapter two of his thesis, Dr. Clark examines the issue of using the term “capitalism” without a clear understanding of its technical meaning. “Michael Polanyi calls it “tacit knowing,” where everyone knows “more than we can tell” or fully codify, about certain kinds of knowledge.” He argues that many accounts of Evangelicalism and capitalism suffer from an implicit assumption regarding their use of this term. To navigate this problem, he proposes two possible paths. Firstly, to focus on capitalism as a concept with technical critiques related to ownership and property laws. Secondly, to examine actual arrangements between Evangelicalism and Capitalism in real-world settings. ”Using the term capitalism represents the multifaceted nature of various capitalisms, whilst it avoids collapse into overly technical arguments.
Dr. Clark then shifts his attention toward exploring how these social relationships are embodied within different organizations under Capitalism. Instead of providing theological accounts for economic systems or structures, he suggests that it is more important to look at habits or dispositions formed by people within such systems which can be seen as part of Evangelicalism itself in its various forms throughout history.
If we can better understand these habituated practices among individuals operating under capitalist models. We may be able to gain further insight into both economic theories as well as religious belief systems alike.
What is Evangelicalism? Bebbington’s Quadrilateral.
Evangelicalism is a religious movement that has had an immense impact on Christianity in the modern era. Bebbington discusses the concept of Evangelicalism the quadrilateral of priorities, which includes conversionism, activism, biblicism, and crucicentrism, as key characteristics that define Evangelicalism.
While previous forms of Christianity may have exhibited some similarities to these four aspects of Evangelical thought and practice, it is only within the framework of Evangelical theology that all four are uniquely expressed together.
Bebbington’s thesis also explores the relationship between Evangelical faith and Enlightenment thinking. He argues that through its engagement with Enlightenment ideas such as natural law theory or deistic notions about God’s providence over creation came a new confidence in the faith which naturally outworked itself into overt activism for social reform movements (such as abolition).
However, there have been critiques raised against Bebbington’s thesis regarding his assertions concerning the origins of evangelical thought being located mainly within 18th-century Europe. Raising questions about how much influence was exerted by enlightenment thinking upon evangelical doctrine such as assurance or justification by faith alone.
In conclusion, it can be seen then that while many aspects associated with modern-day evangelical belief were present prior to this period. They did not merge until later centuries when combined with certain elements from both Protestant Reformation teachings alongside various strands from philosophical rationalist traditions found during “The Age of Reasoning, or Enlightenment period.”
This book summary provides an interesting perspective on the Protestant Work Ethic, and how it has shaped Evangelicalism. It is a reminder to Christian leaders that despite beliefs about salvation by faith alone, external signs of providence and good works are often required for assurance. This calls into question traditional methods of evangelism, as well as our own understanding of what constitutes true faith in God’s grace.
 Micahel Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension (London: Routeldge & K. Paul, 1967), 4. From Dr. Jason Clark’s Thesis, p. 50